The blobfish (Psychrolutes marcidus) is a fish that inhabits the deep waters off the coasts of Australia and Tasmania. Due to the inaccessibility of its habitat, it is rarely seen by humans.
Blobfish are found at depths where the pressure is several dozens of times higher than at sea level, which would likely make gas bladders inefficient. To remain buoyant, the flesh of the blobfish is primarily a gelatinous mass with a density slightly less than water; this allows the fish to float above the sea floor without expending energy on swimming. The relative lack of muscle is not a disadvantage...
Hagfish are marine craniates of the class Myxini, also known as Hyperotreti. Despite their name, there is some debate about whether they are strictly fish (as there is for lampreys), since they belong to a much more primitive lineage than any other group that is commonly defined fish (Chondrichthyes and Osteichthyes). Their unusual feeding habits and slime-producing capabilities have led members of the scientific and popular media to dub the hagfish as the most "disgusting" of all sea creatures.
Named after the dragons of Chinese mythology, Leafy seadragons (Phycodurus eques) resemble a piece of drifting seaweed as they float in the seaweed-filled water. The Leafy seadragon, with green, orange and gold hues along its body, is covered with leaf-like appendages, making it remarkably camouflaged. Only the fluttering of tiny fins or the moving of an independently swiveling eye, reveals its presence.
Like the seahorse, the male seadragon carries as many as 150-200 eggs. After being deposited by the female, the eggs are carried in the honeycomb-shaped area (known as the brood patch) und...
Golden monkeys, Pygathrix roxellana, live in the mountainous regions of southwestern China, along the Tibetan Plateau. The largest populations are found in the Wolong Natural Reserve in Sichuan Province, but the range of golden monkeys extends as far south as Gansu province.
Pygathrix roxellana is found in temperate broad leaf and conifer forests at elevations ranging from 1,600 to 4,000 m above sea level. These monkeys live in mountain forests all year long, but they may migrate to slightly lower elevations during the winter. Golden monkeys and other species ...
The tiger shark is considered one of the most dangerous sharks. It is about 18 feet long and inhabits shallower water, often where people swim. The diet of tiger sharks varies widely and includes all types of sea life and even garbage.
The tiger shark, Galeocerdo cuvier (Peron & LeSueur), is a large (up to 18ft) predator found in tropical and subtropical waters worldwide. Tiger sharks are one of three main shark species known to attack humans, and are responsible for most shark attacks in Hawaii. Less than one shark attack occurs per year on average in Hawaii (compared to an annual averag...
The Frizzle Poland was created in Holland by Mr Airie Bolan. His inspiration came from a painting by Van Gink, a famous artist. It started with the use of long legged Japanese Bantam Frizzle. It took several years to create but, between 1989 and 1991, the Frizzle Poland became recognised giving us a superb new breed. Today the popularity of the Frizzle Poland is extremely high and is now also standardised by the British Poultry Club.
The most commonly held theory regarding this breed’s origin is that Russian Blues were brought to Great Britain in 1860 by British sailors from the White Sea port town of Archangel (Arkhangelsk) in northern Russia. Whether this story is true—and if true, whether the cats really originated in that area—is anyone’s guess. Their thick coats give credence to the theory that they developed in a cold climate, and, according to accounts, blue shorthairs still exist in Russia.
The Manx has existed for many centuries on the Isle of Man, located in the Irish Sea between England and Ireland. Since the Isle did not have an indigenous feline species from which the Manx could develop, it is surmised that domestic cats were introduced by human settlers and explorers. Exactly who and when is uncertain.
Presumed by researchers to have been introduced to the Isle of Man by human settlers and explorers, the Manx has existed there for many centuries. The Isle, located in the Irish Sea between England and Ireland, has no indigenous domestic cat species, and several theories exist about the introduction of domestic cats. Speculated sources include arrival with the Spanish Armada, Phoenician traders, or Viking settlers who colonized the Isle of Man. Many fanciers believe the British Shorthair was later added to the Manx mix. Given the proximity of the regions and the similarity in body styles, that...
The bald eagle is the U.S. national bird; it is the only eagle unique to North America.
Spanish name: Aguila Cabeza Blanca, Aguila
French name: Pygargue à Tête Blanche
Other names: American eagle, white-headed eagle, white-headed sea-eagle
Adult bald eagles have brown plumage with a white head and tail. Immature eagles are irregularly mottled with white until the fourth year. Their legs are feathered halfway down the tarsus, and their beak, feet and eyes are bright yellow.
Bald eagles have massive tarsi, short and powerful grasping toes, and long talons. The talon of t...
The Olive Ridley sea turtle can weigh as much as 100 pounds and measure 30 inches long.
Name for its olive-colored skin, the Olive Ridley has a heart-shaped carapace, or upper shell. The shell is also olive in color, and is rather thin compared to those of other turtle species.
What distinguishes the male Olive Ridley from the female is that the male's tail extends past his carapace.
The Olive Ridley has two claws on each of its four limbs.
The largest of all reptiles, the leatherback sea turtle may reach 7 feet in length and weigh as much as 1,400 pounds. It measures 9 feet from the tip of one flipper to the tip of the other. Leatherbacks are the only turtles to have a thick layer of fat for insulation. They also have no visible shell. The shell is present but consists of bones buried into the turtle's dark brown or black skin. The leatherback has seven pronounced ridges in its back and five on the underside.
The hawksbill sea turtle is the only sea turtle with overlapping scales.
They have two pairs of prefrontal plates between their eyes.
The hawksbills shell varies in color, from black-brown, red-brown to yellow. Their undersides are usually white or yellow.
Adults are about 24 to 38 inches in length and weigh anywhere from 60 to 190 pounds.
Green turtles have a single pair of scales in front of their eyes rather than two pairs like other sea turtles have.
The green turtle is the largest hard-shelled sea turtle; adults commonly grow over 3 feet in length and weigh over 300 pounds.
Green turtles are outfitted with large, heart-shaped shells covered with horny plates. The shells are black, gray or brown (not green) — the green turtle gets its name from the green color of fat underneath its shell.
At 172 years of age, Harriet the giant Galápagos land tortoise is the oldest known living creature on Earth.
Born in November 1830 on an island in the Galápagos, Harriet spent the earliest years of her life in the wild.
In 1835, when Harriet was only 5 years old and about the size of a dinner plate, noted English naturalist Charles Darwin landed on Isla Santa Cruz, her home. Shortly thereafter, Harriet and two of her friends found themselves aboard the HMS Beagle headed for England, marked as subjects of scientific research.
The manatee, often called the sea cow, is the only exclusively herbivorous marine mammal. It grazes on all kinds of aquatic plants, especially marine sea grasses, assisted by its large prehensile lips, which are studded with bristles.
During the day, it is frequently found close to the surface, sleeping within the top three to ten feet (1 to 3 m). Occasionally it swims down to thirty feet (10 m), propelling itself along with the aid of its large flat tail, which it also uses as a rudder.
When feeding, which it usually does at night, it walks along the bottom using its fore limbs.
Male sea otters average 5 feet and 70 pounds; females average 4 feet and 60 pounds.
They are dark brown with lighter heads that turn grayish white with age.
Sea Otters live in shallow coastal waters, especially kelp beds.
The Steller sea lion is the largest of five species of seals belonging to the family Otariidae (eared seals).
Its yellowish-buff fur is made up of short coarse hair lacking a distinct undercoat.
The sea lion's flippers are longer than those of true or earless seals. Sea lions can rotate their hind flippers forward in order to have full use of all four limbs on land.
Male Steller sea lions are much larger than females, with males averaging 9 1/4 feet long and females 7 1/2 feet. The average male weighs 1,250 pounds, while the average female is only 580 pounds.
Males have a mane ...
This seal gets its common name from the numerous dark spots on its coat.
The name leopard seal, though, is sometimes also applied to other spotted seals, such as the Weddell's seal.
A solitary seal, it has huge canine teeth and massive jaws.
Generally it feeds on krill, which it strains from the water with its specialized teeth.
It is the only seal that preys on warm-blooded animals; it catches penguins and even other seals, which it pursues underwater.
A fast swimmer, it also preys on fish and squid.